Russia Released Multiple Changes in Medical Device and IVD Registration Requirements

It’s a quite a good news for IVD manufacturers… In the first days of June 2018, the Russian Government released the resolution #633 (link in Russian) and approved significant multiple changes in the procedure of registration of medical devices in Russia:

  • Simplification of the registration process of in-vitro diagnostics (IVD) proposing one-step expert assessment (expertise) for registration instead of the current two-step pathway. All classes IVDs pass henceforward through simplified registration process by analogy with class I and non-sterile class IIa medical devices;
  • Significant changes for the list of reasons, requirements and timelines for regulatory renewals (amendments of the registration certificates and amendments of documents of the registration dossier) for already registered devices; the list of cases when expert assessment (expertise) is not required for re-registration was clarified;
  • Update of requirements for documents of registration file for IVDs and medical devices with pharmaceutical component;
  • Extension of the list of reason for registration rejection and cases when registration certificate may be withdrawn/annulled;
  • Other minor amendments on registration procedure e.g. requirement of providing information of trademark, clarification of number of possible additional document requests from the assessment body and clarification of administrative requirements for the applicant…

Overall,  the amendments of the resolution #633 harmonise Russian medical device registration requirements with Eurasian regulations and aimed to simplify IVD and MD approval process.

Three Things You Should Know about Medical Device Regulations in Russia, May 2018

Dear Colleagues, 

Here is my usual monthly selection of highlights about what happened in the Russian medical device regulations landscape in May 2018:

  1. Simplification Requirements for Substance-based Medical Devices (draft)On 30 May 2018, the Russian Ministry of Health published a draft regulation suggesting the simplification of requirements for registration and pre-registration testing of substance-based medical devices in Russia.
    According to regulation #11N, enforced in March 2017, one of the requirements for registration of medical devices with ancillary pharmaceutical substances is mandatory registration of the pharmaceutical component of the product in the Russian register of medicinal products prior to registration of the device. This became one of the most pressing regulatory problems in Russia and increased the number of registration rejections in 2017.
    The amendments proposed in the published draft suggest replacing the requirement above with submitting ‘…documents on quality of pharmaceutical substance <…> taking into account the intended use of a medical device <…> and issued according to the regulation of the country of origin of this pharmaceutical component’. The published draft is now passing through the procedure of public discussions by the end of June 2018.
  1. Mandatory Multi-Central Clinical Trials for IIB and III class devices (draft) 

    Another suggestion of the published draft regulation is the expansion of the list of cases when clinical trials involving human subjects are required for medical device approval in Russia.
    Currently, according to resolution 2N, registration of most medical devices in Russia is mainly based on evaluation of clinical data, and clinical trials involving human subjects must be conducted in accredited clinics after the approval of the ethics council in a limited number of cases: for new types of medical device; for new complex or unique or special methods of prevention, diagnosis or treatment; and in cases where the effectiveness or safety of the medical device are not confirmed in the evaluation of clinical data.
    The published draft document tightens these rules and introduces a requirement for all medical devices of IIB and III classes to undergo mandatory clinical trials involving human subjects, to be conducted in at least two medical organisations under a single clinical trials protocol.
    The same draft document also suggests the innovative new possibility of conducting on-site clinical trials in limited cases.
    It should be also noted that the amendments suggested in the draft document would make Russian and Eurasian clinical trial requirements more similar. Proposed amendments are now passing through the procedure of public discussions by the end of June 2018.

  2. Clarification on application of a reduced tax rate for medical devices in RussiaAt the end of May 2018, the Ministry of Finance of Russia published a letter On the application of the VAT rate of 10 per cent for imported and sold medical products in Russia (link in Russian). In this letter, the regulator clarifies that the list of medical devices taxed at a rate of 10% is approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation N 688 (link in Russian to the latest version, updated on January 23, 2018). This should be guided by the codes of medical products, determined in accordance with the nomenclature of Eurasian customs commodity code EAEU TNVED and Russian product classification code OKPD 2.

Three Things You Should Know about Medical Device Regulations, April 2018

Dear Colleagues,

This is an update for April with a selection of the latest news on medical device regulation changes across Russia and the Eurasian Union countries.

  1. Statistics on Medical Devices in Russia in 2017

At the beginning of April 2018, Russian medical device regulator Roszdravnadzor announced statistics and published a detailed report on approvals of medical devices and post-market control for 2017. It detailed about 1403 new medical devices approved in the last year. It should be noted that, compared to previous years, this amount showed a decrease for the first time since 2014.
The published report (link in Russian) also mentions a significant increase of registration rejections in the last year (647 rejections in 2017 against 477 in 2016), caused, according to the regula

tor, by “among other factors, enforcement of Order 11N on requirements on technical file and instruction for use for registration” in March 2017.

Roszdravnadzor also reports positive decisions to amend 3548 registration certificates and 570 registration dossiers in 2017. The total number of files submitted to the agency by medical

device companies was reported as 5262.
Regarding post-market control, the regulator reports about 5124 inspections and 827 examinations (expertises) of medical devices approved on the market which in 89.5 % cases revealed non-conformities of the examined medical devices with current Russian regulations.89,5.png

  1. Price Regulations for State Procurements of Medical Devices in Kazakhstan

At the end of March 2018, the Ministry of Health of Kazakhstan enforced Order #112 (link in Russian) and updated requirements on the registration of prices for medicines and medical devices for state procurements within the guaranteed free medical care. According to the document, medicines and medical devices may be purchased at prices not exceeding those established by the competent authority. The requirement is applicable for purchases by government institutions within the guaranteed free medical care or using health insurance funds.
Updated rules and guidelines for price and mark-up registrations have been published previously (link in Russian). Prices may be submitted online and should be registered by the competent authority within ten working days. The deadline for submission of information on prices was set as 27 April 2018 by the competent Kazakhstan authority (National Centre of Expertise).

  1. Several Eurasian Medical Device Regulations Approved

There was no breakthrough in start of functioning of Eurasian medical device regulations model in April 2018 compared to previous month; however, the Eurasian Commission approved several “third-level” regulations which come into force in May 2018:

-Regulation #46 on nomenclature of medical devices in EAEU (link in Russian);
-Regulation #47 on classification on adverse events for medical devices (link in Russian);
-Regulation #48 on classification of documents of the registration dossier (link in Russian).

In addition, one other interesting and detailed document published in April 2018 is the draft of the updated guidelines/recommendations for the expertise of medical devices for registration according to Eurasian requirements (link in Russian); however, as of the end of April 2018 the final approved version of the document is not available.

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Three Things You Should Know About Medical Device Regulations in Russia and CIS, March 2018

 


Dear colleagues,

Welcome to my monthly newsletter with updates on medical devices legislation in Russia and the Eurasian Union for March 2018.

  1. Eurasian Quality Management System Requirements for Medical Device Manufacturers

On 15 March 2018, Regulation #106 of the Eurasian Commission on the requirements on the quality management system (QMS) for manufacturers of medical devices for the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) registration procedure (link in Russian) came into effect.

The published regulation describes requirements to the QMS for medical device manufacturers and requires mandatory scheduled and unscheduled audits of manufacturing sites to demonstrate compliance with these requirements within the EAEU registration process.

The Eurasian Commission notes that, despite the fact that the requirements were developed on the basis of the international standard ISO 13485, the audits will be based on compliance with the requirements of the EAEU QMS regulation but not with requirements of the ISO standard itself.

At the same time, during the transition period until 15 March 2019, the regulation allows the registration in the EAEU of certain classes of products providing certificate ISO 13485 as evidence of an implemented QMS system, but in this case the manufacturers will have to pass an unscheduled inspection of the manufacturing site within two years from the date of registration.

Summary of EAEU medical device regulations for the end of March 2018:

 

  1. Potential Special Registration Route for Certain Medical Devices Manufactured in Russia

In mid-March 2018, the Russian Ministry of Health published a draft (link in Russian) amendment to article 38 of the Federal Law 323 that introduces a special registration route for certain low-risk medical devices manufactured in the Russian Federation.
The amendments will affect medical devices manufactured by Russian manufacturer, intended for use by medical personnel only and included in the list of “high-tech and innovative products”. The published document also establishes special requirements for post-registration safety monitoring for such products. It should be noted that Russian legislation today does not contain the above-mentioned criteria for “high-tech and innovative” products. It is expected that the amendments will come into force on 1 January 2020.

 

  1. New Medical Device Registration Rules in Uzbekistan

On 23 March 2018, the government of Uzbekistan published resolution #213 (link in Russian) with amendments to the registration rules for medicines and medical devices in the country. The resolution establishes the requirements for documents, samples, and fees for registration of medical devices in Uzbekistan and sets timelines for this procedure as 120–150 days. The approval process may also require clinical trials and manufacturing site inspection. The resolution establishes the validity of the registration license for a medical device as five years and contains a list of devices that do not require registration.

Three Things You Should Know about Medical Device Regulations in Russia, January 2018

Dear Fellow Colleagues,

 

Welcome to my monthly newsletter with my selection of highlights in medical device regulations in Russia. Here are the most important updates for January.

 

 

  1. Road map to Development of Competition in Public Health Sector

 

On the 12th January 2018, the Russian Government published resolution #№9-р (link in Russian) with a roadmap to “developing competition in healthcare” for 2018–2019.
The published document contains a list of suggested strategic measures to develop competition in the public market for medicines, medical devices, healthcare services, and biologically active supplements in Russia, in the coming years.

A significant part of this document is devoted to changes in the regulation of medical devices expected in the next two years. Thus, among others, the following measures were suggested:

 

  • Development of the concept of medical devices of the “open” and “closed” types in terms of the possibility of using consumables or reagents from other manufacturers and the duty of the state and municipal customers to purchase medical products of an “open” type.
  • Development of the concept of the interchangeability of medical devices.
  • Introduction of a ban for manufacturers to set restrictions on the possibility of using consumables/reagents from other manufacturers.
  • Inclusion in the technical documentation for medical device information on the period of operation costs of technical maintenance and repair, costs of training medical personnel for the rules of application, and operation of the medical device.

 

The document also mentions a number of measures to improve and develop the regulation on the procedure of state and municipal procurement of medical products. The full text of the road map is available on the website of the Government of the Russian Federation.

 

 

  1. Checklists and Year Plan for Inspections

 

On the 26th January 2018, the Russian medical device regulator, Roszdravnadzor, published the approved forms of checklists (lists of control questions) that are used by the regulator during routine control inspections/audits of medical device manufacturers and other organisations involved in the turnover of medical devices in Russia.

In total, seven checklists have been published for the monitoring at each stage of the medical device lifecycle (control of pre-registration testing, clinical trials, usage and application in clinics, control of medical device manufacturers and its authorised representatives, technical maintenance, transportation, and storage). The checklists clarify whether organisations are complying with the mandatory requirements set by Russian medical device regulations and standards; they could also be a useful tool for audit preparation.

The list of organisations planned for inspection by Roszdravnadzor in 2018 has been published by the regulator in the beginning of January.
 

  1. Amendments to Regulation of Medical Products Containing Alcohol

 

On the 1st January 2018, article #14 of the Russian federal law #171 (link in Russian), the “regulation of turnover of ethyl alcohol, alcoholic, and alcohol-containing products” came into force. According to the updated regulations, Russian companies carrying out the production, manufacturing, and/or turnover of medical products containing alcohol exceeding 200 decilitres per year are obliged to register and declare this volume of alcohol-containing medical devices in accordance with the established procedure. The regulation defines an alcohol-containing medical device as “medical products in a liquid form of release containing a pharmaceutical substance of ethyl alcohol.”
Another amendment to this federal law was enforced in late December 2017 and establishes that until the 1st July 2018, non-declaring of this information by a company is not considered a violation.

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This is my non-commercial project whose objective is to make Russian and Eurasian medical device regulations clearer.
You can also receive updates directly to your e-mail via the “Follow” button on the toolbar.

 

Three Things You Should Know about Medical Device Regulatory Changes in Russia in 2017

Dear fellow colleagues,

Welcome to my end-of-year update. Today I want to share my vision and briefly summarise the most important changes, news, and trends in the Russian and developing Eurasian medical device regulation landscapes in 2017.

 

  1. Eurasian Medical Device Regulations – Summary of Changes, 2017

“In 2017, the formation of medicinal device legislation within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) has been completed …. This is the most significant event of the year.” This was the message given by the head of Russian medical device regulator Roszdravnadzor at the conference in the Russian healthcare week in early December 2017.

We can see quite significant development of the EAEU medical device regulation system throughout the year of 2017. In March 2017, the registration and expertise fees for EAEU registration were published. Since May, twelve out of thirteen second-level regulations fully came into force and were gathered and published on the website of Roszdravnadzor.

The last and the most long-awaited document — EAEU requirements for the implementation of a quality management system for medical device manufacturers — was approved in November 2017.

By the end of the year, Russian laboratories started obtaining accreditation for conducting medical device testing according to EAEU medical device regulations. For the end of December 2017, there is information about three laboratories accredited for technical testing, one laboratory for toxicology/biocompatibility testing, and one centre for clinical trials on the website of the Russian medical device regulator. During several seminars on EAEU registration requirements, representatives of the laboratory confirmed the “green light” for the start of testing for registration.

This green light was also confirmed by EAEU member states; for example, the Belorussian Ministry of Health published information and documents for the submission of a registration file according to the Eurasian procedure. First companies report on the start of the EAEU registration process. However, for the end December 2017, there is no information on the possibility of submitting a registration file for EAEU evaluation in Russia.

It should be also recalled, that the end of the transition period introduced  in the Article 11 of the  Eurasian Agreement of Common Rules for Circulation of Medical Devices was set as 31 December 2021, and the requirement is that the re-registration (i.e. the full EAEU registration procedure) of all medical products in the EAEU market should be within less than four years. So far, no changes in this deadline nor information about the possibility of a simplified re-registration procedure have been formally announced.

 

  1. Changes in Russian Medical Device Regulations – Summary of Changes, 2017

Medical device approval in Russia still remains a very complex, time-and-resource consuming process. However, in parallel with the development of Eurasian medical device regulation, there were several significant positive changes in 2017.
Order #11N, containing a full list of requirements for the technical file and instructions (IFU) for the registration of medical devices and in-vitro diagnostics (IVD) in Russia, was published in March 2017 by the Russian Ministry of Health.

A pre-submission consultancy service was opened in 2017 by Russian regulatory expert centres involved in the registration process, with the aim of creating opportunities for manufacturers to receive formal feedback on specific aspects of the Russian regulatory process for their products from a competent authority prior to starting registration or submitting a medical device application. Until 2017, Russian legislation did not allow such forms of direct communication between manufacturers and registration experts.

An initiative for the simplification of the registration process for IVD has been discussed since the end of 2016. The draft regulation suggesting a one-step expert registration assessment for IVDs instead of the current two-step pathway was published at the beginning of August 2017, but at the end of the day of 27 December it has not yet been finally approved.

Russian medical device regulator Roszdravnadzor continues on a strong course to strengthen control of already approved medical devices in the market. Thus, the regulator announced there were more than 975 published “warning letters” about devices revealed to be in circulation that violated current legislation and more than one million units of non-registered or counterfeited devices banned and withdrawn from the market in the last year. It should be recalled that even a minor discrepancy in the product compared with the information submitted and approved in the registration file may be considered by the regulator as a violation and a reason for the ban.

  1. Continued Course on Restrictions for Foreign Medical Device Manufacturers

Restrictions on the admission of foreign medical products is the initiative started by the Russian government in February 2015, when Resolution #102 was introduced as a measure supporting the “import replacement” programme and “promoting the development of domestic manufacturing of medical devices”. As can be observed, the Russian government has continued on this course over the past year.

In August 2017, the Russian government adopted resolutions #967 and #968, aimed at creating modern competitive production of medical polyvinyl chloride (PVC) consumables in Russia, and  significantly extended the list of restricted medical devices. In particular, it introduced a separate list for six groups of consumables made of PVC and adopted a new approach to public procurement of these products.

In December 2017, a new decree, #1469, which indicated a temporary preference for Russian producers of coronary stents and catheters, established new restrictions on the admission of government purchases of these cardiac surgery products originating from foreign countries if at least one application from a Russian supplier is received. The restriction is effective until 1 July 2018.

At the end of the year, a new draft document was published by the Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade aimed at further expanding the restrictive list. The document contains twelve new types of products proposed for further restrictions, including test strips, dental composite filling materials, and endoprostheses.

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I would like to take this opportunity to thank everyone for following my blog,  professional group and Twitter updates and wish all a very happy festive season and much success with Russian projects in 2018! Next year, I am going to continue my updates with the purpose of trying to make challenging Russian medical device regulatory system more clear for regulatory professionals.
I will be very glad of your comments, questions, and ideas!

Three Things You Should Know about Medical Device Regulations in Russia, November 2017

Dear colleagues and group members,

Welcome to my monthly newsletter with the most important regulatory updates on medical devices in Russia for November 2017.

  1. Russian medical device expert organisations are starting pre-submission consultancy
    In November 2017, both Russian expert organisations involved in the registration process announced the start of pre-submission consultations for medical device manufacturers. The expert organisations published information on consultancy procedures, application forms, contracts, information on prices, and required and recommended documents on their websites:
    – Consultations from VNIIMT (ВНИИМТ) expert organization – link in Russian;
    – Consultations from CMIKEE (ЦМИКЭЭ) expert organization – link in Russian;

    According to Roszdravnadzor Regulation 6478 (link in Russian) published in July and enforced in September 2017, the scope of the consultations are: development of a medical device and necessary documentation and testing for registration and re-registration for particular devices, specific aspects of the Russian registration process and requirements, classification of medical devices, and determination if a product meets the definition of a medical device, according to Russian regulations.

  2. Evolution of restrictions on polyvinyl chloride consumables
    On 1 November 2017, the Russian Ministry of Health published a letter (link in Russian) with information on weighted average prices for disposable medical devices from the government list of foreign disposables made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics, whose admission to public procurement was restricted by Resolution # 968.
    It should be recalled that Resolution No. 967 (link in Russian) and Resolution No. 968 (link in Russian) came into force in August 2017, and extended the list of medical products restricted from participation in state procurements, (link to up-to-date version in Russian) with particular reference to medical devices containing PVC implementing criteria for its manufacturers, and the new scheme of state procurement for such products.
    The national register for manufacturers of PVC consumables that met the criteria is published by the Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade and at the end of November contains one company.

    3. Medical software in telemedicine technologies

    On 3 November 2017, the Russian Ministry of Health published draft regulations on providing medical care using telemedicine technologies (link in Russian). Amongst other matters, the document contains a requirement for mandatory registration of special medical software that is ‘designed for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and medical rehabilitation of diseases, monitoring the state of the human body and used as a part of information systems’ as a medical device.

    It should be noted that, the Russian medical device regulator Roszdravnadzor has emphasised several times during the past years that medical software should be considered a type of medical device and must therefore pass the mandatory registration process