Three Things You Should Know About Medical Device Regulations in Russia, June 2020

 

 

Dear Colleagues,

Here is my usual list of highlights on the updates and developments of medical device regulations in Russia:

  1. Expanded List of Medical Devices for Accelerated Registration

On 2 June 2020, the Russian government released the Resolution #804 (link in Russian) and expanded the list of medical devices falling under the simplified accelerated registration process of medical devices and in vitro products intended for emergency use in the prevention and treatment of coronavirus infection (introduced in March 2020). The temporary registration certificate (valid until the end of 2020) for particular batches of such devices may be granted by the Russian healthcare regulator, Roszdravnadzor, within three business days after submission of the dossier.

As of today, there are 363 types of medical devices in the Resolution #804 list, including some IVD assays and laboratory consumables, artificial ventilation machines and breathing circuits, connectors and valves for mechanical ventilation, pulse oximeters, patient monitors, medical furniture, protective masks and other medical devices and protective equipment.

Single-use medical devices included in the list may be imported into Russia and put on the market without registration in the condition they were approved in their country of origin, and information on batches imported into Russia is submitted to Roszdravnadzor.

The resolution also provides the new procedure for the renewal and amendment of temporary registration certificates.

  1. Updated Guidelines for Medical Software Registration in Russia

On 9 June 2020, Roszdravnadzor published the updated guidelines (national methodical recommendations) on the registration of software as a medical device in Russia (link to the document in Russian).

The document contains criteria on which software may be considered a medical device (with examples), a classification algorithm with a reference to the Russian GOST standard, requirements on technical documentation for software in Russia, references to the legislation on personal data and other legal requirements, as well as an algorithm for technical testing, clinical trials and assessment by the competent authority.

To be recalled, that on February 2020, Roszdravnadzor already published the letter clarifying some of these topics.

  1. Batch Notification Requirement for Medical Device Importers in Russia

A relatively new initiative for medical device regulations in Russia is the requirement of manufacturers and importers to notify Roszdravnadzor of every series and batch of medical devices imported and circulated in Russia. The order to introduce the draft law ensuring this requirement by 15 July 2020 was done by the Russian President, Vladimir Putin, on 24 June 2020. According to the order, a data analysis should be done for information on monitoring the safety of medical devices (post-market surveillance).

 

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Three Things You Should Know about Medical Device Regulations in Russia, May 2020


Dear Colleagues,

Here is my usual selection of highlights to keep you in the loop regarding updates in Russian medical device regulations:

  1. Accelerated medical device approval tracks in Russia

As you are probably aware from my previous updates,  two accelerated pathways for approval of medical devices were introduced in Russia in response to the coronavirus pandemic over the last few months:

  1. An accelerated track for 36 types of low class medical devices included in the list under Resolution #299 (link in Russian).
  2. Accelerated track for particular batches  for 108 types of medical devices and in-vitro products intended for emergency use in the prevention and treatment of coronavirus infection. The relevant devices are listed under Resolution #430 (link in Russian).

As of 29 May 2020, according to the official database of registered medical devices , there are at least 48 assays for diagnostics of coronavirus infection (molecular assays for detection of the virus and immunochemistry assays for antibody detection) approved in Russia (both accelerated approval for particular and normal registration process; both Russian and foreign manufacturers included).

On May 2020 Russian regulators suggested expanding the list of medical devices appropriate for accelerated pathways.

  1. Restrictions on the procurement of medical furniture, certain protheses and orthopedic devices

On 30 April 2020 the Russian government published Resolution #617, ‘On restrictions on the admission of certain types of industrial goods originating from foreign states for the purpose of procurement to meet state and municipal needs’ (link in Russian). The document introduced a list of goods originating from foreign countries including medical furniture, protheses and certain orthopedic devices which are subject to restrictions for state and municipal procurement. Products in the list are subject to the ‘third odd one out’ rule which states that the public procurement process must exclude foreign manufacturers if at least two bids from local (Eurasian) manufacturers are submitted for tender.

It should be noted that the list of industrial goods introduced by Resolution #617 , a similar list of medical devices was introduced in Russia in 2015 under Resolution #102 (link for current version of the in Russian).

3. Updated risk indicators for control on medical devices

On 8 May 2020 the Russian Ministry of Health published a draft document, ‘On the approval of risk indicators <…> in the field of circulation of medical devices to be used as the basis for unscheduled inspections …’ (link in Russian).
The document sets out four indicators that may be used reasons for the regulator to initiate an unscheduled inspection/audit of medical device manufacturers and their representatives/distributors.

Suggested indicators include:

  • Discrepancies in information about medical devices published in the media with information submitted for registration.
  • Information revealed concerning a potential threat to human life or public health for a medical device registered in Russia that has been published by international regulatory agencies but not reported to the Russian competent authority.
  • Two or more warning notices regarding violation of the medical device regulations have not been replied by the manufacturer.
  • Information on a violation during pre-registration testing or clinical trials obtained by the regulator from monitoring the media.

To be recalled that risk indicators were introduced in November 2019 under the Russian medical device regulation, Resolution #1433 (link in Russian) and a previous version of the indicator list was published in January 2020.

According to Resolution #970 on the state control of medical devices, the Russian healthcare regulator Roszdravnadzor performs regular planned and unplanned inspections of medical device manufacturers and their representatives.

Russia Introduced Temporary Simplified Batch Approval Process for Medical Devices for Emergency Use

On 6 April 2020, the Russian government released the Resolution #430 (link in Russian) with a list of 108 medical devices and IVD products intended for emergency use for prevention and treatment of coronavirus infection (including lung ventilators, oxygenators, SARS immunological and molecular assays,  sample extraction kits, artificial blood circulation machines, thermometers, facial masks, gloves and certain protective clothes).

-The Resolution #430 introduced simplified six days batch-by-batch approval process for medical devices and IVD products included in the list until the end of 2020; The new approval process will skip he current requirements for local testing according to 2n Regulation;

– Resolution #430 allows importation of non-registered medical devices and IVD products included in the list for the type testing and clinical trials without additional permits;

– Resolution #430 allows delivery/selling in Russia of non-registered single use medical devices included in the list upon condition of their disposal after 1 January 2021.

Response to COVID-19 in Russian and Eurasian Medical Device Regulations

Dear Colleagues,

This is my monthly update regarding changes to medical device regulations in Russia and the Eurasian Union; this month will be entirely devoted to a review of recent legislation changes related to the coronavirus COVID-19 outbreak:

  • On 26 March 2020, the Russian Ministry of Health announced a green channel regime for approval in Russia for medical devices intended for the diagnosis of coronavirus COVID-19 infection. The published letter on this matter (link in Russian) informs that ‘in condition on rules of submission of documents for registration are respected, medical devices intended for diagnosis of coronavirus infection will be performed in shortest time’. The same document also announced that pre-registration consultations with manufacturers regarding the approval of medical devices that are intended for the diagnosis of coronavirus COVID-19 infection are provided by expert institutions at no cost.
    However, it should be noted that this announcement does not introduce any new approval track/route, but rather expedites the existing testing and registration procedure.The first coronavirus IVD assay was approved in Russia, according to the information from the national medical device register, on 11 February 2020.
    For 30th March 2020, according to the Russian Minister of health, there are seven assays approved in Russia, and review of such applications <by the regulator> is performed “within one-two days”.
  • On 18 March 2020, the Russian government released the Resolution #299 (link in Russian) and simplified the registration route for 36 types of low-class, protective medical devices, including surgical/protective face masks, respirators, medical protective clothes, surgical suits, medical gloves, overshoes, and others.
    According to the published resolution, Roszdravnadzor, the Russian medical device regulator, will make a decision on the approval of such protective devices within five days from the receipt of the registration file; this will be carried out on the condition that a manufacturer provides documents confirming the safety and quality parameters of these devices (testing and trials reports) within five months from the approval from the regulator. In the case where discrepancies (between data submitted for registration and in the test reports) appear, such approval may be withdrawn. The above mentioned resolution was followed by methodical guidelines (link in Russian), clarifying a new, simplified procedure.
  • On 2 March 2020, the Russian government released the resolution #233 (link in Russian) and implemented a temporary ban on the exportation of certain types of medical devices and protective equipment from Russia, including face/surgical masks, respirators, protective glasses, medical protective clothes, and others – 16 types of medical products are included in the restriction list. According to this resolution, the export ban on these devices will be effective until 1 June 2020.
  • On 25 March 2020, the Eurasian Commission published the decision #25 (link in Russian) and annulled the importation customs fees for several medical devices intended for the diagnosis and prevention of COVID-19 infection, which are included in the special list provided in the same document – the list includes IVD assays, protective clothes, and personal protective medical products. The document grants exemption from fees on the importation of products on the list from 16 March until 30 September 2020, in the territory of the Eurasian Union.
  • Since 26 March 2020, the Russian parliament has been discussing the draft federal law (link in Russian), which may grant the Russian government the right to introduce a special procedure for the approval of medical devices, as well as the suspension of the wholesale and retail sale of medical devices in Russia for up to 90 days in the case of an emergency or epidemic.
  • All registration inspections for medical device manufacturers have been cancelled/postponed by the Ministry of Health of Belarus (link of the published letter in Russian), as well as the Kazak competent authority (link to the announcement in Russian).

The first cases of COVID-19 infection were reported in Russia on 31 January 2020, and until today the rate of infection continues to climb. On 30 March 2020, Russia closed its borders and imposed a nine-day national shutdown.